Social inequality has been studied in different ways throughout history. However, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean has developed a matrix system that allows the phenomenon of social inequality to be evaluated from a broader perspective. The Latin American region is the second most unequal region in the world. Gap in access to wealth, services and dignified living conditions are just some of the pressing problems that the population in Latin America faces. This multidimensional phenomenon has diametrically opposed faces that start from the economic to the one that attends to the most sensitive social fibers of humanity. ECLAC will enter session to build feasible solutions to reduce the most deeply rooted problems in Latin America.